Aquatope: QoS-and-Uncertainty-Aware Resource Management for Multi-Stage Serverless Workflows


Multi-stage serverless applications, i.e., workflows with many computation and I/O stages, are becoming increasingly representative of FaaS platforms. Despite their advantages in terms of fine-grained scalability and modular development, these applications are subject to suboptimal performance, resource inefficiency, and high costs to a larger degree than previous simple serverless functions. We present Aquatope, a QoS-and-uncertainty-aware resource scheduler for end-to-end serverless workflows that takes into account the inherent uncertainty present in FaaS platforms, and improves performance predictability and resource efficiency. Aquatope uses a set of scalable and validated Bayesian models to create pre-warmed containers ahead of function invocations, and to allocate appropriate resources at function granularity to meet a complex workflow’s end-to-end QoS, while minimizing resource cost. Across a diverse set of analytics and interactive multi-stage serverless workloads, Aquatope significantly outperforms prior systems, reducing QoS violations by 5X, and cost by 34% on average and up to 52% compared to other QoS-meeting methods.

Accepted to the 28th ACM International Conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems (ASPLOS 2023)
Zhuangzhuang Zhou
Zhuangzhuang Zhou
Ph.D. Student

My research interests include cloud computing, serverless, microservices, ML for systems and computer architecture.